Presentations 2004-2006

Hinge Points: An Inside Look at North Korea’s Nuclear Program

Since 2004, Dr. Hecker has delivered more than 280 presentations to a range of audiences from the U.S. government, foreign governments, scientific laboratories, universities, non-governmental organizations, media outlets, and the public. Three presentations are highlighted per year below.


Dr. Hecker made his first trip to North Korea in January 2004. That year, he spoke about his initial observations and analysis to at least 12 professional and academic audiences. Perspectives from 3 selected presentations from year 2004 lay a basis for Hecker’s subsequent thinking of the North Korean nuclear proliferation challenge.

North Korean Nuclear Crisis

December 23, 2004
End of 2004 view: Russian, Pakistani, and Chinese assessments; North Korean nuclear issue in the context of other global nuclear threats. “The time is not on the American side.”

North Korean Nuclear Proliferation Problem

November 20, 2004
Comprehensive account of the Jan 2004 trip with photos, analysis of the US approach, objectives, and prospects for an agreement. Includes timeline of the NK nuclear weapon program.

A Scientist’s Perspective on North Korean Nuclear Dilemma

July 27, 2004
Estimates of Pu and U production; analysis of political and scientific aspects of tackling the NK nuclear weapon program. “Risk reduction actions must be scientifically sound”.


Dr. Hecker returned to North Korea in August 2005, but did not access to Yongbyon due to safety concerns as the DPRK began a plutonium reprocessing campaign in June. These three presentations provide an update on the technical challenges of the North’s nuclear program and its implications for policymakers.

A Technical Assessment of the DPRK Nuclear Program

December 2, 2005
Center for Nonproliferation Studies Seminar, Monterey Institute for International Studies; Monterey, CA; Update on nuclear issues, diplomatic developments, program status.

Technical Summary of the DPRK Nuclear Program

November 8, 2005
2005 Carnegie International Non-Proliferation Conference; Washington, DC; Trip details for 2004 and 2005, detailed update of facilities statuses.

Briefing on Aug. 23–27, 2005 – Visit to DPRK for Ambassador Linton Brooks

September 8, 2005
Briefing for Ambassador Linton Brooks, NNSA/DOE; Washington, DC; Technical update and status of DPRK nuclear program, options for resolution of nuclear crisis.


Dr. Hecker returned to North Korea with access to Yongbyon Nuclear Complex from October 31-November 4, 2006. In presentations to CISAC, the IAEA, and Ambassador Linton Brooks, Hecker continued to provide technical updates on the status of the nuclear program and presented potential options to resolve the crisis.

Assessment of DPRK Nuclear Program

December 12, 2006
First Korea-U.S. West Coast Strategic Forum; Seoul, Korea; Detailed technical updates, on-the-ground discussions, and potential resolutions.

Briefing on Oct. 31-Nov. 4, 2006 to DPRK

November 4, 2006
Briefing for Ambassador Linton Brooks, NNSA/DOE; Washington, DC; Technical update and current status of nuclear program.

A First-Hand Look at North Korea’s Nuclear Program

May 30, 2006
IAEA Seminar; Vienna, Austria; Trip updates, nuclear facilities status updates, threat matrix, trip photos, detailed nuclear analyses.

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