Presentations 2010-2012

Hinge Points: An Inside Look at North Korea’s Nuclear Program


As diplomatic efforts subsided, Dr. Hecker continued to engage audiences in 2010. In November 2010, DPRK officials showed Dr. Hecker and the Stanford team its highly-enriched uranium (HEU) facility and the start of construction for a light-water reactor (LWR). He was the first American to be told explicitly about the HEU program and visited the inside of the facility at Yongbyon.

These presentations demonstrate the state of play before and after Dr. Hecker’s final visit to the North and provide historical, technical, and speculative political implications of DPRK decision-making.

Return trip to North Korea

November 23, 2010
Korea Economic Institute; Washington, DC; Return trip to Yongbyon, LWR and uranium enrichment program reveals, dual-use problem, changes to security risks and how to proceed.

Global Nuclear Risk Reduction by Science Diplomacy

October 7, 2010
Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies; Honolulu, HI; Nuclear risk reduction project, status of global nuclear states, nuclear terrorism, cooperation and safeguards.

North Korea: Nuclear weapons, risk and hope

February 9, 2010
Stanford University Electrical Engineering Department; Stanford, CA; Nuclear fuel cycle and paths to the bomb, summary of program, 2009 crisis explained; security and export risks.


Following his seven trips to North Korea, Dr. Hecker continued to present to many audiences. Using satellite imagery analysis, on-the-ground experience, and other technical analytical tools, the presentations below cover developments during 2011.

Pyongyang advances its nuclear program while talks remain stalled

December 15, 2011
Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control (KINAC); Daejeon, South Korea; 2010 visit details, nuclear program status, progress in 2011, satellite imagery, next steps.

Nuclear Risk and North Korea: Lessons in decision analysis?

October 14, 2011
CISAC, Stanford University; Stanford, CA; Decision-making analytical framework and methodology, data and analysis, timetables, crises, risk management.

What I saw in North Korea and why it matters

January 04, 2011
Los Alamos National Laboratory; Los Alamos, NM; Trip contents, history of nuclear program and LWRs, changes to nuclear threat, where to go from here as of January 2011.


In 2012, several developments including the DPRK’s space launch, UN sanctions, and the new rule of Kim Jong-un put diplomatic progress in a difficult position. The February 29 “Leap Day Deal” agreements set the stage for suspension of Yongbyon facilities, IAEA inspection, and a moratorium on further missile tests. The following presentations cover the events of 2012 and the future outlook for denuclearization and nuclear risk reduction.

Will North Korea give up the bomb?

November 1, 2012
PIIC Conference; Beijing, China: Nuclear risk reduction, comparison of North Korea and Iran, satellite imagery, new “Musudan” missile, current capabilities, options moving forward.

Nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism

June 4, 2012
Case Western Reserve University; Cleveland, OH; Nuclear information primer, countries’ paths to the bomb, nuclear terrorism risks.

North Korea – what’s next?

April 12, 2012
Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School; Cambridge, MA; November 2010 visit, status of program, nuclear advance in 2011, recent activities, future outlook.

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