Fresh Ideas for the NPT

Fresh Ideas for the NPT
Dutch Foreign Minister Bert Koenders welcomes UN Messenger of Peace Michael Douglas, with UN High Representative Angela Kane

Symposium on the NPT, Nuclear Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Energy

On April 28, 2015, CNS joined Harvard University’s Belfer Center, the Netherlands government, and the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs in convening nuclear nonproliferation experts from around the world at the United Nations to participate in a symposium on the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the NPT.

The symposium aimed to accomplish two goals. The first was to present and discuss cutting-edge scholarly research on issues with which delegates to the 2015 NPT Review Conference must grapple. The intent was to facilitate sound decision making at the Review Conference by offering creative but practical conceptual innovations, critical analysis, and empirical evidence drawn from academic research. The second major purpose was to expose early-career academic researchers to the review process, where they would have an opportunity to share their research findings and interact with practitioners.

Convening during the 2015 NPT Review Conference, the symposium included welcoming remarks by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands Bert Koenders, UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs Angela Kane, and UN Messenger of Peace Michael Douglas.

Fresh Ideas for the NPT

(L-R): Gene Gerzhoy, Isabelle Anstey, Tanya Ogilvie-White, Sara Kutchesfahani, and Anna Mart van Wyk

The Belfer Center website has a list of the symposium presentations, with links to papers, posters, slides, photos, and videos, where available.

Welcoming Remarks

  • Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands Bert Koenders (Video)
  • UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs Angela Kane (Video)
  • UN Messenger of Peace Michael Douglas (Video)

 Overview of Research and Goals for the Day

Presented by the Director of the International Organizations and Nonproliferation Program at CNS, Gaukhar Mukhatzhanova (Video)

Cluster 1: Disarmament: Past, Present, and Future
Moderated by Nina Tannenwald (Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University)

  • Realism, Idealism, and American Public Opinion on Nuclear Disarmament
    Mark Bell, MIT & Harvard University (Poster)
  • Defining the Nuclear Disarmament Norm: How Much Is Enough?
    Lyndon Burford, University of Auckland (Poster)
  • The Political Effects of Nuclear Proliferation – Alexandre Debs, Yale University (Poster)
  • Overcoming Challenges of Non-Nuclear-Weapon States Involvement in Disarmament Verification
    Malte Göttsche, University of Hamburg (Poster)
  • The History of Article VI: Five Lessons for the NPT Today
    Matthew Harries, International Institute for Strategic Studies (Video)
  • Building a Trust Toolkit: Lessons from US-Russia Strategic Arms Control
    Heather Williams, King’s College London (Video)
  • Understanding the Challenges and Building Global Capacity toward Verifying Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament
    Hassan Elbahtimy, War Studies Department, King’s College London (SlidesVideo)
  • Multilateral Groupings and the Humanitarian Initiative in the 2015 NPT Review Cycle: Engagement, Diverging Postures and Possible Implications for the 2015 NPT RevCon and the 2020 NPT Review Cycle
    Jenny Nielsen, The University of Queensland (Video)
  • Sea-Based Nuclear Weapons and Global Nuclear Disarmament
    Tong Zhao, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Poster)

Cluster 2: Peaceful Uses: Safety, Security, and Justice
Moderated by Martin Malin (Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University)

  • Determinants and Issues of Newcomers to Nuclear Power in Asia
    Sungyeol Choi, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (Poster)
  • Reinforcing the Three Pillars: How Nuclear Security Efforts Underwrite the Strength of the Non-Proliferation Regime
    Jonathan Herbach, Centre for Conflict and Security Law, Utrecht University (PaperVideo)
  • A New Pathway to Enhance the Nuclear Security Regime? Emerging Approaches in Southeast Asia and in the Gulf Region
    Francesca Giovannini, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Paper,Video)
  • Nuclear Waste Disposal as a Transnational Issue
    Behnam Taebi, Delft University and Harvard University (Video)

High Level Panel: “Political Perspectives on Disarmament”
Moderated by the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs Angela Kane (Video)

  • Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands Bert Koenders
  • Former US Senator Sam Nunn
  • Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Arbatov

Cluster 3: “Nonproliferation: Cooperation and Coercion”
Moderated by Anya Ogilvie-White (Centre for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University)

  • Negotiating Nuclear Sensitivity: Export Controls and Article III of the NPT
    Isabelle Anstey, King’s College London (Video)
  • Impact of the Ukrainian Crisis on Iranian Nuclear Choice
    Oleksandr Cheban, Russian Center for Policy Studies (Poster)
  • Technical Aspects of the Verification of Non-Proliferation: the Role of the Safeguards Analytical Laboratory – Naida Dzigal, IAEA (Poster)
  • Coercive Nonproliferation: Security, Leverage, and Nuclear Reversals
    Gene Gerzhoy, Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Harvard University (Video)
  • From Nuclear Rivalry to Nuclear Cooperation: How a Mutual Hostility towards the NPT Led to Two Former Nuclear Rivals Creating the World’s Only Existing Bilateral Mutual Safeguards Inspection Agency (Video)
    Sara Kutchesfahani, Center for International Trade & Security, University of Georgia
  • Ideational Sources of Non-Proliferation Policy in the Global South
    Michal Onderco, European University Institute (Poster)
  • Nuclear Strategy & Status: Assessing the Impact of Nuclear Strategies on Power and Status, and the Case of the Islamic Republic of Iran – Mahsa Rouhi, MIT (Poster)
  • Apartheid’s Atomic Bomb: Birth and Demise
    Anna-Mart van Wyk, Monash University, South Africa (PaperVideo)
  • Regional Approaches to Nuclear Non-Proliferation
    Wilfred Wan, UNU Centre for Policy Research and Hitosubashi University (Poster)

Cluster 4: “Nuclear and WMD Free Zones”
Moderated by William Potter (Founding Director of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey)

  • Reconciling Order and Justice: NPT and the Middle East Resolution
    Tytti Erästö, SaferGlobe research network (PaperVideo)
  • Five Years after Entry-Into-Force of the Treaty of Pelindaba on the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone: Progress, Challenges, and Next Steps
    Hubert Foy, African Center for Science and International Security (Video)
  • “How the Treaty of Tlatelolco Shaped the NPT’s ‘Grand Bargain’”
    Jonathan Hunt, Rand Corporation (Poster)
  • Tlatelolco Tested: The Malvinas/Falklands War and Latin America’s Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone – Ryan Musto, The George Washington University (PaperVideo)

Cluster 5: “The NPT Regime”

  • What are we doing here? The Role and Relevance of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
    Tom Coppen, Utretch University (Poster)
  • Dealing with Challenges from within the NPT Regime: The Case of Brazil
    Renata Hessmann Dalaqua, Getulio Fargas Foundation (Poster)
  • Beyond Pessimism: Why the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Will Not Collapse – Liviu Horovitz, ETH Zurich (Poster)
  • The NPT in a Time of Power Transition – Benjamin Zala, University of Leicester (Poster)

Closing Remarks: Directions for Future Research

  • Steven Miller, Director of the International Security Program at Harvard University’s Belfer Center (TranscriptVideo)
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